mahatma gandhi and his views on education
Education is the backbone of society and is largely responsible for its upliftment. Gandhi was critical about traditional education and viewed that “By education, I mean an all-round drawing of the best in child and man in body, mind and spirit.” His Wardha scheme was a pointer in this direction.
Accordingly, these should be the basic principle of Gandhian education. Gandhiji advised for free and compulsory education for all boys and girls between 7 and 14 years. Education should be instilled at the primary level in the student’s mother tongue. A free primary universal education is to be imparted to all the children in the village. This will make the backbone of a country strong.
Place of vocational education: A love for manual work will be imparted in the mind of children. This is not a compulsion but the child will learn it by doing. Being free from only bookish knowledge, a student should resort to manual work. He, thus, put prominence on vocational and functional education. The motto of the Gandhian education was,” earning while learning”. This will elevate the creativity in a student. Gandhiji’s aim was to make Indian village’s self-sufficient units. So he advocated that vocational education should increase the efficiency within the students who will make the village as self sufficient units.
Emphasis on morality: By education, Gandhi meant the enhancement of morality within a student. A student should embrace certain moral ethical codes like truth, nonviolence, charity and so on which will illumine his character and that too without being bookish. Thus the main concern for Gandhi was the character building through learning.
Non-participation in politics: Gandhiji always wanted to keep the students away from politics at schools and colleges. If students participated in politics, they will be puppets at the hands of the politicians who will utilize them for fulfilling their personal gain. This will hinder the development of a student and he will suffer a major setback. So, he advised the students to keep themselves completely away from politics and concentrate on their studies.
Women education: Gandhi always fought for the education of women. He proposed that there should not be any distinction in equality of status between men and women in society. He completely opposed the Purdah system and widowhood. He wanted to free women from social bondage. So, the number of girl students considerably increased in various educational institutions within the country. Thus, Gandhi pushed on the need of women education to improve a lot of society. Gandhi’s idea of education is a novel one. His plan of education was distinctive that even nowadays is being promoted by the govt in India.
Sarvodya is otherwise known as Gandhian Socialism. It is the all-round development of an individual. This idea came to the mind of Gandhi once he was translating John Raskin’s book ‘Unto the Last’. It includes the following features.
Good for one and all: Sarvodaya aims at good for one. By that, good for all will be attained.
It is not the great or welfare of the best range rising the heap of majority; rather it aims at the welfare of all. This aims in the slightest degree spherical development of the individual, society and nation,
Application in economic field: Gandhi applied the principle of Sarvodaya within the economic field. He needed to boost the morality and spirituality of the made folks. That is why he had advocated territorial dominion that aimed toward making a gift of the excess by the made for the upliftment of the heap of society.
Application in the political field: Mahatma Gandhi applied the principle of Sarvodaya within the political field. His plan of Swaraj, the concept of basic education, self-governing village units etc. included the idea of Sarvodaya. Thus, the Gandhian plan of socialism or Sarvodaya was distinctive in its vogue. Free from violence, a State should march with this idea. It developed the principle of economic equality, “from each according to his bread-labour and each according to his need.” The ardent followers of Gandhi like Vinova Bhave and Jayprakash Narayan championed the cause of Sarvodaya in India.