6 major contributors to the refugee population
According to the U.N. Refugee Agency, UNHCR, almost 69 million people are displaced all around the world due to persecution, threatening, oppression, violence, and natural disasters; most since the second world war. The numbers are staggering and are stretching itself day by day as more people are leaving their homes in search of asylum, crossing borders in quest of a setting where they would eventually get better sleep than to live inside brick made walls waiting for the ultimate demise. Of the total count, around 26 million people fled to other countries whereas the rest are displaced internally, and the concerning part is that more than half of this is children. Now let us take a look at the top 6 countries which produces the largest number of refugees.
It is reported that around 5.6 million Syrians are refugees and are displaced mostly in the Middle East. Among the countries in the Middle East, Turkey host 3.6 million people which is the highest by any country when it comes to giving shelter to refugees. Other countries include Lebanon, Jordan, and Iraq. 1.4million refugees returned home to Syria back in 2018 but had to face an appalling situation concerning lack of infrastructure, service, and danger from explosive devices. It is estimated that around 6.2 million people are displaced inside the country.
Afghanistan has the second largest number of the refugee population in the world, around 2.5 million. Pakistan is the primary host allowing approximately 1.4 million refugees to their soil. Rising political conflicts between the two countries further saw large groups of people returning back to their homes. Increased violence and political turmoils in Afghanistan again led to the new surge of asylum seekers since 2015. Nearly 2.6 million people are displaced inside the country, largely due to conflict, drought and natural disasters.
Due to the prolonged internal conflicts, 3.2 million people were displaced inside the country in addition to the 2.3 million who fled to neighbouring countries, reasons owing to protracted civil war, violence between populations along ethnic lines, droughts, and famines. Ethiopia, Uganda, and Kenya provided havens for the migrated along with other nations. The majority of refugees include women and children, with UNHCR stats showing 50000 children as either orphans or unaccompanied.
Around 2 million people of the Rohingya ethnic group have fled the country to Bangladesh due to religious persecution, from Myanmar’s Rakhine state. More than 700,000 refugees have moved to Bangladesh which has two registered refugee camps, since 2017. Agencies are struggling to provide proper facilities to the migrated people as they lack access to services, education, food, clean water, and proper sanitation. There is also a high risk that involves infectious disease transmission as a result of improper hygiene.
5. Democratic Republic of the Congo
Internal conflicts and ambiguity regarding food are driving people to depart the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Around 2 million people are displaced within the country and more than 800,000 people are living in the neighbouring countries. Some of the main issues that hover over the country consist of drought, famine, insufficient food, contaminated water, unhygienic living conditions, contagious diseases and above all violence.
Of the 800,000 displaced Somalians, many of them are living in Kenya, Ethiopia, and Yemen. Some of these people have been living in refugee camps for years. Since 2016 almost 100,000 refugees have gone back to Somalia, largely due to Kenyan governments plan to shut down Dadaab, which was the worlds largest refugee camp. Within Somalia, an estimated 2.6 million people are displaced due to unemployment, internal conflicts, political tension, drought and scarcity of food.